Castles were built in Roman times as military defense. These buildings, which gave them the name "castellum", were made with the purpose of erecting a barrier between enemies and cities whose affections were too big to these cities and found through the castle, the route indicated to establish a protective barrier. In the Middle Ages the castle became a common element in the West (Germany, France, Spain), to the point that there was a castle even in the most remote village. The initial function for the castle was for defending a town or city, but changed at this time to safeguard the property of the fiefs. For this reason, the official armies were discontinued, and the armies of each kingdom were created. Drawbridges, grounds, towers and guards made up the equipment to protect the castle. At the time of the invention of gunpowder, castles left behind the function of protecting an invaluable wealth by equipment of the war, and passed into the hands of wealthy people who make these the perfect setting to celebrate events, parties and meetings. They also started to work as museums: places of history. The castle, apart from its historical real function, was a symbol to tell stories, myths and legends, which were about mystery and romantic stories of kings and queens. Shakespeare and Wilde are two examples of these legendary chronicles. El Castillo Marroquín was built in the nineteenth century at a much later period than the true origin of the European castles from the Middle Ages. José Manuel Marroquín was the man that took the opulent decision to construct a stone building, which dominated the ancient Bacatá, in front of the historical and the native city of the God Chia. José Manuel Marroquín, a gentleman with exceptional qualities (highlighting his skills as a politician and writer), was also wealthy which allowed him to carry out such opulent construction. He began to build his castle with particular characteristics: endowed with circular towers, an indoor chapel, double services kitchens, spaces for the servants, and leaving a place for the residence and recreation of the thinker and writer. Because El Castillo Marroquín was built the modern age, it does not have a historical burden of violence, tears and battles. Rather, it is probably the only castle with a modern appearance, and its history belongs to another context related with political influence and the literature of a modern age. The name, as in the ancient times, was given by tradition of the last name of the founder. Thus it was named "Marroquin Castle". El Castillo Marroquín has had many owners, and is a point of reference for many people. It has also been the scenery of legends, myths and fables. La Llorona and other legends have been told in the castle. Also, the poet Julio Flores dedicated a sonnet to the castle, highlighting its nobility and architectural qualities. ISTORY H

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